Petrash, Antonia. Major health interest groups and governmental agencies believe this and move to act on it for the betterment of the nation. The primary goals of the two associations were to unite black nurses to influence health care services for black people and to promote the inclusion of blacks in nursing education and nursing leadership positions. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center, History of Medicine Division. This organization attempted to uplift the standards and everyday lives of African-American registered nurses. Guide to the Scholarly Resources microfilm edition. More than petticoats; remarkable Connecticut women Tomes, Evelyn K. (Evelyn Kennedy). National Archives and Records Administration, HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library, Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library. In order to implement the above philosophy, the founders agreed upon the following purposes and objectives for the national association. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson Staupers, Mabel Keaton, 1890-. 38 Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association. In 1949 at the NACGN convention in Louisville, Kentucky, the NACGN unanimously accepted the suggestion of the American Nurses Association (ANA) that NACGN functions be taken over by the ANA and that its program be expanded for the complete integration of black nurses. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. NACGN stands for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. In 1970, the Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area black Nurses Association met and planned the first statewide conference of black nurses. Additionally, the many tasks needed to establish the organization as a formal entity were identified and assigned. His advice to the black nurses was as follows: “We must have common goals and purposes which should be the reason for organized black nurses, because the white agenda has failed in terms of the black perspective. Under the leadership of President Mabel Staupers, author of a history of the organization titled No Time for Prejudice, NACGN membership voted the NACGN out of existence in 1951. PHILOSOPHY This organization was dedicated to promoting the standards and welfare of Black nurses and breaking down racial discrimination in the profession. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. Participating in this very important forum provided our founding members with the unique opportunity and the support to go about the business of establishing the National Balck Nurses Association. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded in 1908 by Martha M. Franklin; its first annual meeting was held in Boston in 1909. Through the founders’ collective vision, persistence and commitment, all black nurses now had an organization whose primary reason for being was to improve the health status of black people in the United States of America. Provide the impetus and means for black nurses to write and publish on an individual or collaborative basis. Other articles where National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses is discussed: Mary Mahoney: â¦ANA), she later joined the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) and addressed its first annual convention in Boston (1909). Evelyn Tomes African American nursing video collection, 1970s-1994. Contributor: National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture Related titles. During August 5 and 6, 1972, the NBNA Steering Committee met in Chicago, Illinois to discuss operational procedures, Constitution and By-laws, public relations activities, regional and national program activities, membership promotion, funding issues and, most importantly, incorporation. The founding members also determined that a national organization designed primarily to unify all black nurses across the nation for the betterment of health care for black people should be inclusive in its membership. These two organizations advance the standards of nursing and develop leadership within the ranks of Black nurses. If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in English language. Act as a change agent in restructuring existing institutions and/or helping to establish institutions to suit our needs. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. One of her goals as a leader of this organization was to eliminate the need for separate organizations. It is important to note here that during this same time, several of our founding members were also pushing for greater representation and involvement of blacks and other minorities in the programs of the American Nurses Association (ANA). A year later, black nurses in the San Francisco area were organized under the dynamic leadership of Florence A. Stroud and Carlessia Hussein in San Francisco. Through the war years, the NACGN worked tirelessly to interpret the needs of black nurses and led a vigorous campaign to end discrimination in the field. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951.. [National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. In their discussion of the evolvement of the New York Black Nurses Association, which was loosely formed in Spring, 1971, members forcefully pointed out that: “Pandas from China were better housed, fed and cared for than Black Americans; and that the USA passes out moon rocks instead of bread.” Deeply concerned about such inequities, in October, 1971, the New York, BNA held its first annual conference with the theme: “The Unliberated Black Nurse Community.” Evelyn Tomes African American Nursing Video Collection, ca. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. Only two months after the first historic meeting in Cleveland, the founding members had agreed on the philosophical statement, goals and objectives as well as the initial “ charter donation “ of $10,000 per member in preparation for formalizing the national association. The meeting was sponsored by the Lincoln School for Nurses Alumnae Association. Three years later, due to the influence of some of the same nurse leaders from California, New York City, Indiana, and Ohio, these two goals became the cornerstone for the founding of the National Black Nurses Association. (Williams,1976). In 1928, she founded and edited the NACGN's official newsletter, The National News Bulletin. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. The following members are the original trustees of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattie Johnson, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria Rookard, Ethelrine Shaw, Betty Smith Williams and Doris Wilson. Mattiedna K. Johnson, Phyllis Davis, Mattie Watkins, and Florrie Jefferson. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. This caucus session resulted in the establishment of a Steering Committee, chaired by Dr. Lauranne Sams. Betty Smith Williams, Interim Chairman of the Constitution and By-laws Committee had drafted the first copy of the Constitution and By-laws in April, 1972. When headquarters in the YWCA were closed, Belle Davis, the executive secretary of the National Health Circle for Colored People provided space at her organization's office. Eans, Pauline B. Present among the officers and executive board of the NACGN were representatives of the American Nurses' Association, the National Organization for Public Health Nursing, the National League of Nursing Education, the New York State Board of Nurse Examiners, the Julius Rosenwald Fund, the National Health Circle for Colored People, and the National Medical Association. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was founded On this day in history, August 25,1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded by Martha Minerva Franklin. As with any new organization the beginning years of the National Black Nurses Association were devoted to developing and agreeing upon an appropriate philosophy and mission, organizational structure, Constitution and By-laws and operating procedures. Therefore, from the very beginning, membership was open to registered nurses, licensed vocational/practical nurses and nursing students. Mahoney was their eldest daughter in a family of three children. The founding of the National Black Nurses Association (NBNA) in 1971 marked a significant milestone in the history of black nurses in the United States, particularly in relation to their association with the American Nurses Association (ANA). Miriam Holden papers, 1936-1947. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses was a professional organization for African American nurses founded in 1908. Home Directory National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) Verified. Recognizing that a major concern of the organization was to increase the number of black nurses in the country, the founders believed that incorporating all levels of black nurses into the organization would place them in a better position to influence all nursing education programs in which black students were enrolled, as well as the caliber of all nursing services provided to black consumers. Over Twenty-five years later, the above philosophy and purposes and goals continue to guide the work of the National Black Nurses Association. Other speakers during this first symposium included Congressman Charles C. Diggs, Jr., from Michigan’s 13thCongressional District and the first Chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. NBNA National Initiative on Violence Reduction, DCH Introduces New Breast Milk Program To Save Premature Babies, 2019 NBNA and NIH All Of Us Research Initiative. THE 70’S: THE BEGINNING YEARS Holden, Miriam. Broadfoot had been a member of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses for 15 years acting as recording secretary for 4 years. SECTION C: NURSES ESTELLE MASSEY RIDDLE, R.N., M.A. This stimulated several state Leagues to admit black nurses. Bullock worked to increase communication and community among black nurses. ; Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.] Organized in 1908 to achieve higher professional standards, end discriminatory practices against black nurses, and develop leadership among black nurses. Gloria Smith volunteered to convene nurses from the Southwest and Betty Smith Williams agreed to lead nurses from the West Coast. One month later, on September 6, 1972, in Canton, Ohio, Betty Jo Davison, Gloria M. Rookard and Doris A. Wilson, appeared before Cuff C. Brogdon, Notary Public, for the State of Ohio, and signed the official Articles of Incorporation of the National Black Nurses Association, Inc.! National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. The purpose of these articles is to document contributions of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and the National Black Nurses Association. Freedman Hospital Washington D.C., 1943 *On this date in 1908, the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was founded. Serve as the national nursing body to influence legislation and policies that affect Black people and work cooperatively and collaboratively with other health workers to this end. By 1948 only nine states and the District of Columbia still barred black nurses. Mrs. Broadfoot was the primary organizer of the NCACGN, and was its president for 8 years (1923-1931). Compile and maintain a national Directory of Black Nurses to assist with the dissemination of information regarding black nurses and nursing on national an local levels by the use of all media. ... the complete article (314K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. 1930-1977. A critical issue identified by this group of courageous black nurses was the need to develop a systematic way of maintaining contact with each other and to identify other black nurses interested in discussing common goals, problems, needs, and ideas. Papers, 1926-1981 (bulk 1970s). If Mabel did not fight the injustices to black nurses and citizens when she did, we might still have the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses and the American Nurses Association. (Unknown). At this time, annual membership dues for RN’s and LPN’s/LVN’s were $10.00 and $2.00 for nursing students, and was included in the first NBNA membership brochure designed by Gloria Rookard, Membership Chair. Over a meal of fried chicken and other potluck delicacies (as recently told by Dr. Mary Harper at NBNA’s 23rdAnnual Institute and Conference), the following black nurses laid the foundation for the establishment of the National Black Nurses Association: Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Jo Davidson, Gertrude Baker, Barbara Garner, Dr. Mary Harper, Mattiedna Kelly, Phyllis Jenkins, Florrie Jefferson, Judy Jourdain, Geneva Norman, Betty Smith Williams, Etherlrine Shaw, Anita Small, Doris A. Wilson, and Gloria Rookard. The program was carried forward with community assistance and financial support from NACGN's membership. Name Components. Realizing that this situation was no longer acceptable, black nurses attending the 47thconvention of the American Nurses Association in Miami, Florida in 1970, “caucused” to discuss these issues, as well as to identify and discuss other common interests and concerns. WorldCat record id: 239832378. The NBNA Steering Committee expanded and individuals in the audience were divided into regional groups fro discussion and action strategies for organizing locally. National Endowment for the Humanities, University of Virginia Library Yet, Black Americans, along with other minority groups in our society, are by design or neglect, excluded from the means to achieve access to the health mainstream of America. Congressman Diggs reported on the National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana, in March, 1972, that brought together over 10,000 blacks from across the country. Medical » Nursing. She helped allow black nurses to do the same as white nurses and paved the way for equal rights to join the army as a nurse. On February 28, 1972, letters from Dr. Lauranne Sams were sent to friends and colleagues of the newly formed National Black Nurses Association, clearly describing the seriousness of the founders in forging ahead to make the association a reality for black nurses. PURPOSES and OBJECTIVES. Martha Minerva Franklin founded the association. She achieved her goal in 1946 when the American Nursing Association began to â¦ 1970s-1994. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. These changes made it possible for any eligible applicant to be admitted into the national organization if barred from membership in her state League. Since the above is true, we as Black nurses have established a National organization to investigate, define, and determine what the health care needs of Black Americans are, and to implement change to make available to Black Americans and other minorities health care commensurate to that of the larger society. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. Phyllis Jenkins from New York City was assigned to the Northeast group, Anita Small, from Miami, convened nurses from the southeast, and Ethelrine Shaw and Dr. Lauranne Sams took charge of nurses from the Midwest area. The act stated that there would be no discrimination in the administration of benefits and thus brought about an increase in the number of black nursing students in the country. The executive board employed a nurse executive with a grant from the Rosenwald Fund, and an executive secretary was hired to implement a day-to-day program. Collaborate with other black groups to compile archives relevant to the historical, current, and future activities of black nurses. The Civil Rights Movement was the primary impetus that moved black people from all professions and all walks of life to action. MISSION, ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE Copyright © 2020, National Black Nurses Association, INC. We are still â¦ Sitting: Phyllis Jenkins, Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Ethelrine Shaw. The second symposium focused on issues related to enhancing the recruitment, retention and progression of black students in nursing education programs. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - ç®ä½ä¸æ (Chinese - Simplified) (Unknown). In 1918 temporary headquarters were established in New York City through the courtesy of the 137th Street Young Women's Christian Association. Black nurses were no exception. Included in the historic letter announcing the establishment of the national Black Nurses Association was the following Statement of Philosophy and Purposes and Objectives: Our Founders Conduct, analyze and publish research to increase the body of knowledge about health care and the health needs of blacks. Mary Eliza Mahoney was born on May 7th, in 1845. Get this from a library! Meeting the challenges in Los Angeles were two visionary leaders, Betty Smith Williams and Barbara Johnson. Martha Franklin of Connecticut, a graduate of the school of nursing of the Woman's Hospital of Philadelphia, spearheaded the development of the organization. From the guide to the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958, (The New York Public Library. Posts tagged as âNational Association of Colored Graduate Nursesâ BHM: Meet Mary Eliza Mahoney, 1st Licensed African-American Nurse in U.S. By goodblacknews on February 15, 2019 Eans, Pauline B. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (0.00 / 0 votes) Translation Find a translation for National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses in other languages: Select another language: - Select - ç®ä½ä¸æ (Chinese - Simplified) National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. It was determined that through the regional areas, black nurses would be receiving feedback and would have the opportunity for direct input in planning for regional and national meetings and program activities. WorldCat record id: 239832359, From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. Mahoneys pioneering spirit has been recognized with numerous awards and memorials. They unanimously voted to approve the following motion made by Betty Smith Williams: “I move that we establish the National Black Nurses Association.” Institute of Museum and Library Services Interim officers were elected and committee chairs were selected from the above group of black nurses. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1951 [microform]. Standing: Gloria Rookard, Betty Jo Davidson, Mary Harper, Doris Wilson. Twenty years after the dissolution of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGH), which marked the end of one era in the fight of black nurses for equality and access to membership in ANA, there emerged again an urgent need for another national nursing organization with a primary goal of placing the black nurse in the mainstream of professional nurses. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. Community » Associations. Among other things, the conference participants decided to establish permanent headquarters in office space loaned to them by the National Health Circle for Colored People. Her birthplace was in Dorchester in Massachusetts. Subjects. Black nurses have the understanding, knowledge, interest, concern and experience to make a significant difference in the health care statues of the Black community. Provision for the enjoyment of optimal health is the birthright of every American. Mabel Keaton Staupers became the first paid executive secretary of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses â¦ Evelyn K. Tomes papers, 1912-1980. In 1968 and 1969, black nurse leaders in Los Angeles and San Francisco, respectively, who had visions of a better health care system for black people, where black nurses and other nurses of color played a prominent role in that system. Papers. Ms. Ethelrine Shaw was appointed Chairperson and Dr. Lauranne Sams, Betty Smith Williams and Janice E. Ruffin were appointed Task Force members. Seeking the benefits of a professional organization denied them by the ANA, a group of African-American nurses, led by Martha Franklin of Philadelphia, met in New York in 1908 to form the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN). (National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, NACGN) During the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, the climate for blacks throughout urban America was one of coming together to express pride in their identity, to demand equality, to fight against racism and discrimination and to seek power locally and nationally. 37. Since its organization, the history of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses reveals those quali-ties of courage, fortitude, and per-severance common to any group pioneering in any social or professional movement. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. African-American organizations. Tomes, Evelyn K. (Evelyn Kennedy). Notes from the “Summary of Symposia for Black Nurses “indicate that were three very successful symposia, spearheaded and planned by black nurses who voluntarily contributed their time, effort and finances to make the symposia happen .At the first symposium, black nurses from New York enthusiastically reported how they had come away from the 1970 ANA Convention in Miami inspired and motivated to action. (Unknown). In addition, a Citizen Advisory Committee was organized, regional sections were established, and a program was outlined. This was an organization dedicated to promoting the standards and welfare of Black nurses and breaking down racial discrimination in the profession. Mabel Keaton Staupers papers, 1943-1983 (bulk 1951-1975). In 1934 a conference was held in New York City to determine a future course of action for the NACGN. Her parents were initially slaves in North Carolina and that they had moved to reside in Boston after being freed. They took action and founded the Council of Black Nurses, Los Angeles and the Bay Area Black Nurses Association. During the same period the Federal government was taking other steps to increase the numbers of and opportunities for black nurses. National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses. The National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN) was organized in 1908 when a group of fifty-two graduate nurses met in New York City. This award is given to nurses or groups of nurses who promote integration within their field. Black nurses may not have gotten those chances till much later, or not even. From the description of National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses records, 1908-1958. (Pauline Bryant), 1905-1981. Additionally, members of NBNA were busy preparing to participate in various symposia planned for black nurses attending the ANA Convention, which was held in Detroit, Michigan during the first week of May 1972. Define and determine nursing care for black consumers for optimum quality of care acting as their advocates. The conference stressed the fact that black nurses needed jobs without the pressures of racial bias. National Library of Medicine, Emory University Library, Special Collect Department, Discrimination in employment--United States, African American nurses--History--20th century--Sources. While the issue of civil rights had been on the agenda of several civil rights organizations, such as the NAACP and the National Urban League, for many years, the events of the late 60’s and early 70’s crystallized the issue for most black Americans. As early as 1942, the National League of Nursing Education had set a precedent by changing its by-laws.
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