Chemicals are added to this 'sap', or liquid natural latex, to stiffen the final product. It is used in a variety of ways – in the past it has been the main source of rubber production – but here, in this article, we will only deal with its ornamental side. The leaves of the rubber plant are exceptionally large and glossy compared to other houseplants, which makes it desirable, just like fiddle leaf fig. Rubber Plant is a classic solution for interior decoration of both home and business spaces. In areas suitable for its growth, it can be planted both on the ground and in pots at sunny or half-shade exposures. They grow outdoors year-round in temperate climates and can reach 80-100’ in nature. It is native to Southeast Asia, and in the wild it can grow quite large. Its truly impressive large leaves, green or variegated, as well as the minimal care it needs, give it to one of the most valuable plants in its class. It differs from the typical species only in terms of the appearance and size of the leaves, which are brighter in green and more broad. Apart from VOCs, it also removes carbon-di-oxide and carbon monoxide from the surroundings. It’s hardy, easy to care for, and actually removes toxins from the air in your home! The colors of the leaves are pink, white and green, a combination of extremely attractive appearance. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. Pleistodontes claviger (Mayr, 1885). The ‘ἐλαστός’ is another form of the adjective ‘ἐλατός’, interpreted as ‘that if exercises on it a power it changes its shape and form without breaking’. The milky liquid ( latex) that oozes from any wound to the tree bark contains about 30 percent rubber, which can be coagulated and processed into solid products, such as tires. Many times, this will happen when you bring your rubber tree plant in from outdoors, and this change can cause a total drop of the rubber tree leaves. Can Cats Eat Rosemary? Rubber Tree Growing Conditions. The Burgundy Rubber Tree is a spectacular indoor plant with thick, glossy leaves that range from a rich burgundy red to almost black. Rubber Plant requires a very moist but well-drained environment, a good balance of light and shade, and a varying fertilizer regimen over the course of its life. That is, the word elastica accurately attributes the capability of the plant sap (rubber) from which car tires and other similar manufactured goods can be produced. The Ficus Elastica, otherwise known as the rubber tree or rubber plant, is a popular plant for indoor and outdoor gardening across the United States.The rubber tree gets its name due to the thick, sticky, white latex that bleeds from the fleshy leaves if you snap them apart. rubber trees. Its foliage is very dense, has a coarse texture and an upright or rarer spreading appearance. The use of the material, where third-party rights are not mentioned or implied (such as photos or audiovisual files – with the exception of those belonging to "Kalliergeia"), is absolutely free. Rubber plants are a great … Growing rubber plant from cuttings allows you to have multiple specimens that you can keep at home and office. Waxy nature of the leaves makes them easier to clean by wiping. In its native jungle habitat in India and Malaysia, the plant can grow up to 100 feet tall. Rubber Plant. As with usual feeding rules, don't fertilise in Winter, or recently repotted and new plants for a good 3 to 6 months.. This results in the breeding of decades varieties and cultivars of the species, the most important of which are listed below. Traditional uses and benefits of Rubber Plant Decoction of the aerial rootlets is used as a vulnera. One of its common names, ‘India rubber tree’, refers to its former use as an economically important crop plant for rubber. Also, due to the large surface area of the leaves, this plant can absorb indoor air pollutants efficiently. Don’t forget to check out why your indoor plants die often. It needs infrequent watering cycles and slightly moist soil, and little to no fertilization. Fruit contains a substance called mucilage which is very helpful with a host of stomach problems such nausea, general pain or digestive problems. Not to mention the fact that new rubber plant leaves have a shade of mahogany and green color. Native to the rainforests of India and South America, it can quickly adapt to common indoor temperatures. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. If you’re patient enough to grow your own, plants that start out younger when you buy them adapt better to … They used the sap to make rubber balls to waterproof their clothing and to make their own shoes and shoe soles. The leaves of the Rubber Plant are large, simple and leathery, nice green in color. Rubber plants typically do not need much in the way of pruning. And yes, most of us do not realize that houseplants can remove pollutants. Be sure to remove dead and dying leaves, and prune your rubber plant so it grows into the shape you’d like it to have. FAQs and Problems. Apart from that, this feature makes this houseplant more aesthetic indoors. Native American peoples used rubber rabbitbrush as a source of rich yellow dye for blankets and rugs and the latex as … Αρχική | Home » PLANTS » Botanical Description, Varieties & Utilisation of Rubber Fig Tree. Weeds cannot thrive on the rubber and can’t get … You can also use thin wire or little twisty ties, which I’ve see on plants like orchids. Also, check out some other popular large houseplants here. Uses of the Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis) Natural rubber is used in the production of tires. It has green leaves, with white and burgundy spots, which often dominate. Also, you can propagate it easily from cuttings. For the last two, the commitment of the editorial team of ‘Kalliergeia’ is absolute, for the tributes, we simply refer to our well-known already (in)consistency. With high temperatures, Rubber Plant’s behavior is excellent as it does not have problems. Light Change – A common reason for a rubber plant losing leaves is a change in the light. Their petioles are leathery, yellowish – brown to black and have a length of 2.5 to 5 cm (1-2 in). Learn more about rubber plant care in this article. People with a history of asthma are likely to develop allergic reactions, when the sap get on dust particles and fly throughout the house or office. The males consist of 4 sepals of ovate shape and bear a solitary stamen with ovoid anther. While rubber plants (Ficus robusta) are grown as easy-care houseplants, they also improve indoor air quality, according to studies conducted by NASA. The Rubber Plant will be quite happy to grow in a broad range of temperatures between 10°C (50°F) to 29°C (85°F). The minimum temperatures, which are also the lowest tolerance limit, range between 4 and 1.7 °C (40-35 °F). Planting on the soil shows great tolerance to drought. When grown, the annual growth rate is moderate and does not exceed a height of 15 m (50 ft). Rubber Plant as an ornamental lives from 25 to 50 years. The rubber plant which is grown as a houseplant is also known as the rubber fig or Indian rubber tree. The rubber plant is not very needy and basically grows on neglect. Ficus elastica is a rubber plant more commonly used for natural rubber production in the home. You can use garden tape that stretches as the plant grows; this would be a great approach for a more fragile plant, I think. It is probably easier to buy a potted plant. Plus, these plants look utterly adorable. Types of polyisoprene that are used as natural rubbers are classified as elastomers. The fruits of Ficus elastica are within the special fleshy stem of all the Ficus, the syconium, and is a plethora of ovate achenes. Thus, it could be said that Rubber Plant is being exploited: Ficus elastica‘s References are presented, in a very flexible way, by the Elastica English band with their Stutter song, which is included in their album featuring the imaginative, really puzzling title Elastica. Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) occupies a prominent place in world agricultural history, while at the same time it is an important economic cultivation. Are rubber plants as sensitive as the ficus Audrey or fiddle leaf fig when moving to different location in the home such as leaf dropping? The Rubber Fig Tree, can grow to be impressive in size. Air layering is often used with plants like rubber trees that tend to grow very tall and accumulate leaves at the top of a bare stem. It’s seen in many cases that houseplants initiate an allergic reaction in their owners. Propagating a rubber tree plant from cuttings starts with getting a good cutting. Two obovoid syconiums per node are formed – 1 to 2 cm (0.4-0.8 in) long and 0.5 to 0.8 cm (0.2-0.3 in) thick – which, when mature, are red. Their shape is elongated, ovoid or elliptic, mainly arranged alternately, their length being between 8 and 30 cm (3.1-12 in) and their width between 5 and 15 cm (2-6 in). The leathery foliage of the rubber plant is slippery to touch. Also Read: Rosemary Plant Benefits According to Science. You can also gift them to friends, family, and coworkers in decorative pots. If your plant's not producing new leaves don't feed at all.. Rubber tree plants can grow very tall and this means an indoor rubber tree occasionally needs to be pruned. Its sharing, possibly, useful. Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) – Description and Uses, Scientific name: Ficus elastica Roxb. If you go hotter, the leaves will lose some of their turgid appearance. It has an attractive appearance due to the creamy yellow and green hues of the leaves, the central nerve of which is slightly red. Crude oil is the primary raw material used in the production of synthetic rubber. The mighty rubber tree has been a favorite houseplant since the Victorian era. (Common dandelions, for example, produce latex; if you snap off their stems, you can see the latex dripping out from them. It has leathery and glossy dark dark green leaves, which initially have a bronze hue. The shredded rubber tire “nuggets” are non-porous so water and fertilizer passes through it down to the soil it rests on. The grand stature of rubber plants can help you bring the tropics indoors. The desire of the site traveler to backing the unpaid site’s creators is his inalienable right. Do not be discouraged if they do not propagate easily. It’s adaptable to low light conditions and shade until it’s receiving bright indirect light. Their length is between 20 and 30 cm (8-12 in) while their width is from 12 to 15 cm (4.7-6 in). However, well-established plantshave high drought tolerance. Rubber Plant grows in a variety of soil types – excluding clay soils – provided they drain well but at the same time retain the necessary moisture. The young leaves are green with pink shades, which gradually give their place in cream – whitish tones. *Don’t forget to check out these aloe vera benefits here. Rubber Plant is familiar with worldwide spread as it has excellent ornamental features. No Allergic Properties. For this reason, it is advisable to avoid any work with the plant without to use gloves. We get rubber from rubber-plants. Rubber rabbitbrush ( Ericameria nauseosa) is a native source of latex, used in making rubber. Pruning: Once the rubber plant has grown to the height you want it to grow up to, you can cut the top off. These in turn come from the Indo-European *h₁el- which means ‘to drive, set in motion, push, strike, beat out’. There are two types of rubber, natural rubber from rubber trees and synthetic rubber made by using petrochemicals. In this guide, we’ll take a look at exactly how to care for your own rubber tree plant. This rubber is used for making tyres for many vehicles. If you take cuttings, use a rooting hormone and be vigilant about high humidity and plenty of warmth. I chose to use twine for my rubber plant since the branches I would be securing were so thick. Advice, but also suggestions, comments and proposals are, in general, welcome. By using the appropriate fungicides the treatment of the former is from satisfactory to difficult, while the bacterium of the plant is extremely difficult to control. Ficus elastica (The Rubber Tree) is related to banyan trees. However, when cultivated as an indoor plant, it is recommended to always place it in extremely bright places. Rubber Plant is another typical epiphyte plant. It is more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature at which it can be exposed without damaging the -1.1 °C (30 °F). In cultivation, it often develops an extensive surface root system. It grows on the branches of various tropical tree species and develops aerial blastogenic roots, that penetrate the soil. It is an inexact science that takes some time. If you’re new to plant parenting, a rubber tree is the plant for you! But indoors, a rubber tree typically tops out at 6 to 10 feet tall. And this variety tolerates a minimum temperature of up to -1.1 °C. Rubber plant care is a task that requires moderate attention. They are relatively thick, acuminate at apex and have a round base. If your rubber plant is at … Rubber Plant does not often have serious problems from pests or diseases, but as with most plants of the genus, some parasites have their objections to this issue. It is also more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature -1.1 °C, at which it can be exposed without damaging. The flowers are produced in the interior of an axillary inflorescence and they have a creamy white color. However, there is no commercially viable method of extracting it yet. They’re typically medium-sized but, if given time and space to grow, can become the size of a small tree. As rubber plant does not produce pollens, this won’t cause any allergic complications. In its natural habitat, it can exceed the height of 100 feet, but in pots, it’s quite manageable and grows up to 6-10 feet tall. The aerial part of these roots becomes trunkish ‘strangling’ the host tree. Latex has been successfully used to treat five cases of trichuriasis. There, it is found in a variety of tropical environments, such as the vegetation zones of tropical shrubland, woodland and rainforest. After the pests, the recording of the diseases follows. Ficus elastica is their botanical name and besides Rubber Plant, they ‘re also called Rubber Tree, Rubber Fig and India Rubber Tree. By using the appropriate insecticides and acaricides, their treatment is from satisfactory to difficult, except for nematodes, which are very difficult to control. More than being a manageable plant, there’re many Rubber Plant Benefits when you grow it indoors, and some of them are listed below: The rubber plant is not expensive, a good thing if you’re on a budget. In particular, its countries of origin are Northern India, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Malaysia and Indonesia. They are usually droop or rarer upright, slightly exfoliated having an initial greenish brown color which when mature becomes greenish gray. The plant is native to Southeast Asia and is commonly grown as a hardy indoor pot plant elsewhere. Botanical Description, Varieties & Utilisation of Rubber Fig Tree, Poinsettia Care and Reflowering of the Plant, Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) – Description & Uses, The Giant Sculptured Mushrooms by Carsten Höller, National Gardening Association Plants Database, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) – Description & Uses, Common Myrtle or True Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.), Genus Brugmansia – Taxonomy & Description, In combination with other more or less exotic plants such as Elephant Ear (. You have entered an incorrect email address! By giving him the donation button, we strongly encourage him to exercise it. Rubber Plant is a classic solution for interior decoration of both home and business spaces. Read... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, Rosemary Plant Benefits According to Science, How to Grow a Coffee Plant | Care and Growing at Home. Causes of Rubber Tree Plant Leaves Falling Off. The other sides will be covered in time, in a multitude of unique and special tributes – if we have health and time. Temperature. Diseases. Whether or not to be accepted, that is, in general, another story. Rubber plants can be propagated from leaf-tip cuttings, but it is not particularly easy. It was largely replaced as a source of rubber by the unrelated rubber tree. Latex can also be concentrated for producing dipped goods, such as surgical gloves. Rubber trees were first discovered by the Olmec, Maya and Aztec people. Because rubber does not absorb water, rubber mulch can actually help prevent fungal growth in plants. Before potting the cutting in soil use rooting hormone and then provide the bottom of the pot some heat (usually using a heat pad). Is Rosemary Toxic To Cats? This technique allows you to turn the top portion of the stem into a short yet full-leaved new plant before cutting back the original plant, which will eventually regrow. Ficus elastica is exclusively pollinated by the wasp Blastophaga clavigera Mayr, 1885 – syn. The temperature wants to be kept at around 70°F (21°C) - 75°F (24°C) ideally. People who cultivate it as an ornamental tend to keep it trimmed and in small pots to prevent it from getting too large. India rubber plant, large tree of the family Moraceae, once an important source of an inferior natural rubber. For the etymology of the name of the genus, we urge the so understanding reader to click here and go to Ficus lyrata where there wil find no lost objects and such things but a complete interpretation. Truthful witness the photo below. The Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia are the cradle of Rubber Plant. The reason behind it is the sensitivity to pollen grains present in the blooms. Ficus elastica, as plant of the tropical regions, is cold intolerance. That makes it a perfect choice for business outlets, hospitals, and other such places. Natural rubber, also called India rubber, latex, Amazonian rubber, caucho or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.Thailand and Indonesia are two of the leading rubber producers. In its natural niches, the average monthly upper temperature is 30 °C (86 °F), while the average annual rainfall is between 1000 and 2000 mm. Natural rubber is made from a runny, milky white liquid called latex that oozes from certain plants when you cut into them. The females consist of 4 ovate-shaped sepals and have a short style with papillate stigma. Rubber plants are a popular indoor house plant. Learn how to care for, clean, and propagate a Rubber Plant as well as troubleshooting why your Rubber Plant is struggling! The milky sap of Rubber Plant is slightly toxic to pets. With time, these plants grow quite tall even in the containers and look almost like a miniature tree. It reaches the height of 2 to 3 m in the pot, while in the soil can exceed 12 m. Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. Greenery NYC 10" Rubber Plant in White Calyer Pot $173. In 1955, American chemist Samuel Emmett Horne, Jr. developed a polymer of 98 percent cis-1,4-polyisoprene that behaves like natural rubber. The name of the elastica species is the Neo-Latin version of the Ancient Greek words ‘ἐλαστής, ἐλαστός’, both produced by the also Ancient Greek, ‘ἐλαύνειν, ἐλαύνω’. Immediately below are recorded the most important pests of Ficus elastica. Farben. In humans, on contact with the milky latex may result from simple irritation to severe dermatitis, with painful rashes. With its glossy, leathery leaves and upright form, it’s a striking addition to almost any room in your house. I think everyone should grow them. It’s seen in many cases that houseplants initiate an allergic reaction in their … In 2014, the sap is used to process rubber for a variety of uses. Rubber trees (Ficus elastica) are easy to grow and thrive in a variety of conditions in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. It consists of many trunks and of a spherical or hemispherical shape canopy, which is symmetrical with an irregular outline. This is about repotting Rubber Plants in pots as indoor plants. Planting in a pot reaches a height of 1.2 to 1.8 m and a width of 0.9 to 1.2 m. It is more sensitive to cold than the typical species, with a minimum resistance limit of 4.4 °C (40 °F). Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) is among the most common Ficus plants used as houseplants. It has burgundy leaves when exposed to full sun. Instead of having a dull and deserted balcony, use it to create a Balcony Kitchen Garden where you can grow fresh organic food. After pruning, don’t throw out those cuttings; instead, use them to propagate a rubber tree plant. Its truly impressive large leaves, green or variegated, as well as the minimal care it needs, give it to one of the most valuable plants in its class. Everything about Rubber Plants! The most common type of synthetic rubber currently in use, Buna S (styrene butadiene rubber or SBR), was developed in 1929 by the German company I.G. In terms of pH, it grows in an extremely wide range of values ranging from 5 to 8.3, but it thrives on slightly acidic soils with values ranging from 6 to 6.5. When native to the tropical regions of the planet can reach up to the age of 200 – not at all bad performance. In its natural state it has many trunks and smooth bark of dark pale grayish color. Planting in a pot reaches a height of 2 m. The pink, creamy and green shades of the leaves make this variety particularly decorative. In addition to decorative, it also has a functional value because it cleans the indoor air from the ever-dangerous toxic substance it hears in the name of formaldehyde. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rubber trees, formally ficus elastica, can be enjoyed as either medium-sized house plants or grown to become focal point, beautiful indoor trees. Photo: Rubber bands are a very familiar everyday use of latex rubber. ex Hornem, Common name(s): Rubber Plant, Rubber Fig, Indian Rubber Tree, Indian Rubber Bush, Indian Rubberplant, Karet-Tree, Rubber Fig Tree, 15-23 m (50-75 ft) Indoors: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft), 10-15 m (30-50 ft) Indoors: 0.90-3 m (3-10 ft), Hardiness: 1.7 °C (35 °F – USDA Hardiness Zone 10b), Specimen, urban planting, parks, highway median, bonsai, pots and containers indoor and outdoor. Thank you so much for the post. Rubber Plant is an evergreen tree of fast and large growth when it is in the natural state, having a height that often exceeds 25 m (82 ft). Ficus elastica can be planted or placed both in full sun exposure or/and half-shaded areas. Providing Additional Plant Care Prune to create the shape you want indoors. According to NASA clean air study, some houseplants remove pollutants from the air, and the rubber plant is one of them. We erase pencil marks with the help of a rubber or eraser. Natural rubber is made from the sap collected from some trees (commonly rubber plants, Hevea brasiliensis). Rubber: Some plants give us gum like acacia, etc. It was observed that the rubber plant reduced formaldehyde from the surrounding air. As an indoor plant it acquires significantly smaller dimensions and has mainly upright habit. 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 16 Indoor Plants for North Facing Windows, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, How to Start a Balcony Kitchen Garden | Complete Guide. When planted in potting soil with a lot of organic matter, it won’t require supplemental feeding for a long time. Propagate a Rubber Tree Plant with Cuttings.