This galaxy, although known, had never been of interest for colonization. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy: The Epilogus of the Andarian Andromeda Wars The colonization of the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy and the integration in the Imperial Galactic Republic . The constellation of Canis Major contains many bright stars above magnitude 2.0, however, Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky is also situated here, having an apparent magnitude of -1.47. NGC 2362 is believed to have been discovered before 1654. Currently, seven stars that host planets have been discovered in Canis Major. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.1 and a radius of around 11.2 light-years. RX J0720.4-3125 is part of the Magnificent Seven, a group of neutron stars that are relatively near to our Solar System. The primary star, Sirius A, has 206% of the Sun’s mass, and 171% of its radius. Alternative names include Canis Sequens and Canis Alter. Gravitational interactions with the Milky Way have stripped long tidal tails from the Canis Major dwarf galaxy, which have wrapped themselves around the Milky Way three times in a structure known as the ‘Monoceros Ring’. The galaxy contains a relatively high percentage of red giant stars, and is thought to contain an estimated one billion stars in all. RX J0720.4-3125 has an apparent magnitude of -26.6, its temperatures vary wildly for unknown reasons, and its radius has been estimated to be at just around 5 km / 3.1 mi. Study Astronomy Online at Swinburne University Aludra is an Alpha Cygni variable star, its brightness varies from +2.38 to 2.48 over a period of 4.7 days. WR 7 is 19.3 times hotter than our Sun, having temperatures of around 112,000 K. The constellation of Canis Major contains several interesting deep-sky objects as well, such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the open cluster Messier 41, the emission nebula NGC 2359 – also known as Thor’s Helmet, or the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. WR 7 lies at the center of a complex bubble of gas which is shocked and partially ionized by the star’s radiation and winds. The rising of Sirius marked the flooding of the Nile in Ancient Egypt. Canis Major contains several notable deep sky objects: the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the open cluster Messier 41, the emission nebula NGC 2359 Thor’s helmet), and the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. The Canis Major Dwarf galaxy is located in the same part of the sky as the constellation of Canis Major. the Canis Major Overdensity. Galaxies change their size and volume by colliding with other galaxies as well as consuming the smaller ones. This star is 3,560 times brighter than our Sun, having 23,400% of its radius, yet a very cool temperature, at only 2,900 K. EZ Canis Majoris is a binary star system located at around 4,900 light-years away. Canis Major is a constellation located in the southern celestial hemisphere. The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a dwarf irregular galaxy located on the border between the constellations Dorado and Mensa. Tau Canis Majoris is a multiple star system located at around 5,000 light-years away. VY Canis Majoris is also among the brightest stars known to us, being around 270,000 times brighter than our Sun, yet with estimated surface temperatures cooler than our Sun, at around 3,490 K. VY Canis Majoris has an apparent magnitude that varies from 6.5 to 9.6, and it is also a fast-spinning star having a rotational velocity of around 300 km / 186.4 mi per second. This one is right on the tail of Lepus, the hare. The brightest star here is Tau Canis Majoris, and thus the whole cluster is sometimes referred to as the Tau Canis Majoris Cluster. Galactic cannibalism isn't limited to ellipticals, our galaxy is believed to be consuming the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. Classified as a K1III yellow/orange giant,it has a gas giant planet in orbit around it 2.6times the size of Jupiter. This star has an apparent magnitude of 11.4, being 229,000 times brighter than our Sun, and has around 1,300% of its mass, and 126% its radius. the Canis Major Overdensity. Mirzam is located near the far end of the Local Bubble, a cavity in the local interstellar medium through which the Sun is also traveling. Adhara is 38,700 times brighter than the Sun. Sirius isn’t, however, a single star, it is a binary star consisting of a main-sequence star of spectral type A0, termed Sirius A, and a faint white dwarf companion designated as Sirius B. The constellation of Canis Major belongs to the Orion family of constellations, along with Canis Minor, Lepus, Monoceros, and Orion. VY Canis Majoris has around 1.700% of our Sun’s mass and a whopping 142.000 % of its radius, to put that into perspective, it would take an object traveling with the speed of light around six hours to travel around the star’s circumference, while it would only take 14.5 seconds to encircle our Sun. Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. It is in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. The primary star, Adhara, is the brightest ultraviolet source in the sky. This premium worksheet bundle contains a printable fact file and 10 fun and engaging worksheets to challenge your students and help them learn about Canis Major Constellation. Mirzam is a Beta Cephei variable star that varies in magnitude between +1.97 and +2.01 over a six-hour period. This disputed dwarf irregular galaxy is situated at around 25,000 light-years away from us. How to choose your telescope magnification? The primary star is a main-sequence star, having 770% of our Sun’s mass, 390% of its radius, and it is 3,603 times brighter than our Sun. RX J0720.4-3125 is a neutron star first discovered in 1997 in the ROSAT All-sky survey. The constellation of Canis Major is the 43rd largest constellation in the sky. It has recently been settled by the Solarian Kingdom. This star is 220,000 times brighter than our Sun, having 2,140% of its mass, and 6,500% of its radius. The constellation was also considered to represent one of Orion’s hunting dogs, pursuing Lepus, the celestial Hare, or helping Orion fight Taurus, the celestial bull, and it is referred to in this way by Aratos, Homer, and Hesiod. Probably billions A small, irregular galaxy with a mass of about a billion solar masses, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy is one of our closest neighbors, lying approximately 25,000 light years from the Sun and 42,000 light years from the center of the Milky Way. Furud is a spectroscopic binary star. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is estimated to contain 1 billion stars, many of which are red giants. Omicron2 is classified as a massive supergiant of spectral type B3 la, appearing blue in color. Canis Major spreads out for over 380 square degrees. NU02 Canis Majorisis bright enough at magnitude 3.95to be easily seen with the naked eye. Furud has surface temperatures of around 18,700 K, it is located at 362 light-years. Monocular vs. Binoculars- Which One is Best for Stargazing. VY Canis Majoris is a red hypergiant or supergiant located at around 3.900 light-years away. NGC 2360, also known as Caroline’s Cluster or Caldwell 58, is an open cluster located at around 3,700 light-years away from us. In 3457 part of the UFGA fleet refugee in Edraria seeing the war lost chose to take refuge in the Canis Major Dwarf. Iota Canis Majoris is 47,000 times brighter than our Sun, having 1,250% of its mass, and around 2,590% of its radius. If two admins approve of your writing, you may begin writing. Iota Canis Majoris is a blue-white supergiant star located at around 3,100 light-years away. If you are a new user, and would like to contribute to this galaxy, please create a pitch first. Since 1943, this star’s spectrum has served as one of the stable anchor points by which other stars are classified. This small star is located at around 1,200 light-years away. The cluster is in relation with the giant nebula Sh2-310. The primary star is a Wolf-Rayet type of star, being among the top ten brightest Wolf-Rayet stars. Currently, two stars in Canis Minor has been discovered to host planets, HD … NGC 2359 has a central Wolf-Rayet star, WR 7, that is extremely hot and illuminates the surrounding area. With a mass only 1% of that of the Milky Way, this is one of two minor mergers known to be currently occurring in the Milky Way. Take an interactive tour of the solar system, or browse the site to find fascinating information, facts, and data about our planets, the solar system, and beyond. However, there remains debate over whether it represents a disrupted dwarf galaxy or in fact a variation in the thin and thick disk and spiral arm populations of the Milky Way. The collision between these two galaxies is of great interest to astronomers since this event might reflect the probable fate of our Milky Way galaxy and the Andromeda galaxy. The Milky Way passes through Canis Major, and as such, several open clusters lie within its borders. WR 7 is also exciting the ring nebula NGC 2359, also known as Thor’s Helmet. Wezen has an apparent magnitude of 1.824. Adhara, designated as Epsilon Canis Majoris, is a binary star located at around 430 light-years away from us. The Canis Major dwarf galaxy (CMa dwarf) or Canis Major overdensity (CMa overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group. Muliphein, designated as Gamma Canis Majoris, is a blue-white B-type bright giant star located at around 440 light-years away. The constellation of Canis Major contains several interesting deep-sky objects as well, such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the emission nebula NGC 2359 – also known as Thor’s Helmet, or the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. Messier 41 has an apparent magnitude of 4.5. The Large and Small Magellanic clouds were thought to be the closest galaxies to ours, until 1994, when the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SagDEG) was discovered. The Right Ascension is the angular distance of an object along the celestial equator from the March Equinox. Looking for fun activities to teach kids about Canis Major Constellation? It is the second nearest galaxy to planet… Wezen has around 1,690% of the Sun’s mass, around 21,500% of its radius, and it is 82,000 times brighter. With a mass only 1% of that of the Milky Way, this is one of two minor mergers known to be currently occurring in the Milky Way. Wezen lies around 10 degrees south southeast of Sirius. It is the strongest source of photons capable of ionizing hydrogen atoms in interstellar gas near the Sun and is very important in determining the ionization state of the Local Interstellar Cloud. Some of the small galaxies are Elliptical Galaxies as well, often referred to as Dwarf Ellipticals. The other galaxy, IC 2163, is a barred spiral galaxy. The distance between the two stars varies between 8.2 and 31.5 AU, and they complete one orbit around each other once every 50 years. It is 43rd in size of the 88 internationally recognised modern constellations. It is also several times hotter, having temperatures of around 89,100 K. EZ Canis Majoris has 2,300% of our Sun’s mass and 325% of its radius. No meteor showers are connected to it. If the number is negative, it is "west" of the March Equinox. They only managed to reach the galaxy with the use of experimental wormhole drives which allow fleets of ships to move from the Milky Way to the Canis Major galaxy. Several of the globular clusters found in the Milky Way are also thought to have come from the Canis Major dwarf, whose ultimate fate is to merge with the Milky Way over the next billion years or so. Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. These distances put it even closer than the previous record holder, the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy discovered in 1994, which lies 50,000 and 80,000 light-years from the galactic center and Earth, respectively. Messier 41 contains over 100 stars, and it can be seen through small telescopes, being around four degrees south of Sirius, the brighter star in Canis Major. Canis Major spreads out for over 380 square degrees. In case you do not know, here are the admins. Most distant galaxy GN-z11 : Ursa Major: z=11.09 With an estimated distance of about 32 billion light-years (comoving distance,) or 13.4 GLY (light-travel distance,) astronomers announced it as the most distant astronomical galaxy known. Since they are low-mass, sparsely populated galaxies, they may or may not be able to form planets where life can exist. In ancient Mesopotamia, the brightest star of the constellation, Sirius, was named KAK.SI.DI by the Babylonians. The nebula contains hundreds of solar masses of ionized material and unionized gas. Canis Syrius was the name used in the 1521 Alfonsine tables. Canis Major contains many interesting stars such as Adhara, the second-brightest star in the constellation, and the brightest source of extreme ultraviolet radiation. As rough guide, the location is located in the constellation of Pisces. This cluster has an apparent magnitude of 6.5. It was viewed as an arrow aiming towards Orion, while the southern stars of Canis Major and a part of Puppis, were seen as a bow, named BAN in the Three Stars Each tablet, dating around 1100 BC. There are no meteor showers associated with the Canis Major constellation. Omicron2 is located at around 2,800 light-years away from us. As the CMa Dwarf Galaxy is small, there is not much influence on our galaxy from consuming it. Its name is Latin for “Greater Dog” in contrast to Canis Minor the “Lesser Dog”. In its center was an old star, baptized Antiqua and around her gravitated several small planets. It is part of the Phantom Zone Subsector. They have set up research stations along with production facilities and ship yards. Several of the globular clusters found in the Milky Way are also thought to have come from the Canis Major dwarf, whose ultimate fate is to merge with the Milky Way over the next billion years or so. Omicron1 Canis Majoris is 16,000 times brighter than our Sun, having 783% of its mass, and a whopping 21,200% of its radius. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. It is part of the Phantom Zone Subsector. The constellation of Canis Minor doesn’t host any Messier objects, however, unlike its prominent brother, Canis Major, the smaller constellation is associated with a meteor shower – the Canis Minorids. Muliphein is a member of the Collinder 121 open star cluster. A small irregular galaxy thought to orbit the Milky Way, trailing stars behind it to create a structure known as the Monoceros Ring. Tau Canis Majoris has surface temperatures of around 32,000 K. Furud, designated as Zeta Canis Majoris, is the sixth brightest star in the constellation, having an apparent magnitude of +3.025. Canis Major contains one Messier object, the star cluster Messier 41 (NGC 2287), and has four stars with known planets. THE PLANETS The upper circle shows the location of the class G7 dwarf star HD 47186 in the constellation Canis Major, which has two planets, one quite small. Canis Major contains eightstars known to support planetary systems. NGC 2359, also known as Thor’s Helmet or the Duck Nebula, is an emission nebula situated at around 11,960 light-years away from us. This star is expected to explode as a type II supernova in the near future. It is known as the “dog star”. This category lists pages and subcategories relating to the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. All material is © Swinburne University of Technology except where indicated. It was only discovered during the Two-Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) infrared survey, which allowed astronomers to see beyond the dust, in many regions for the first time.