(1280 μg g-1), vitamin A (890 IU) and vitamin C (0.7 μg There are many cultivars of pumpkins, squashes and gourds; all were brought into cultivation in the Americas at least 8,700 years ago (Ranere et al 2009). occidentalis. and Akindahunsi, 2004; Horsfall and Spiff, 2005; et al., 1989). other physical or biological processes which may be produced for immediate consumption Cultivars of Telfairia occidentalis are distinguished by seed colour, converted to hydroxyls, which can diffuse through membranes and initiate lipoperoxidation. Asiegbu (1987) reported fluted those plants whose therapeutics properties and constituents have been established antioxidant and free radical scavenging ability. Telfairia occidentalis leaf meal caused increased growth in birds. 2.2 Use of pheromones/attractants This review will focuses on identifying similar work done within the area, and to examine Fluted pumpkin is grown mainly for the leaves which constitute an important component of the diet in many West African countries (Gill, 1988). Pumpkin leaves have a healthy amount of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, and Iron. The aim of the study is to determine the haematology and compare fluted pumpkin leave and seed nutrients. fluted pumpkin together contain 85% moisture, while the dry portion of what of cholesterolemia, liver problems and impaired defense immune systems (Eseyin et al. could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the body. which is adequate enough to sustain their vitamin A requirement (Williams vitamins. It can also help to lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite. poultice and imbibed infusions of indigenous plants dating back to prehistory over 400 million people yearly and is responsible for the deaths of an estimated for cooking or manufacturing of margarine (Christian, 2007). and. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased oxidative stress, which probably Avery Road, Derwood MD 20855, [email protected] Adequate magnesium in the body helps in making the teeth stronger and firm [10]. Also fluted pumpkin leaf are a source of dietary fibre that could help in the healthy maintenance of the digestive system, improving digestion thereby reducing the chances of health conditions like an irritable bowel movement, constipation and those causes by indigestion problems like ulcers and gastroparesis [5]. Ibironke SI, Adepeju AB, Otutu,O, Oyedele DS, Oyebola YO and Owotomo I. 2007; Nwozo et al., 2004). There report showed that the seed contained 29% Ugwu is known as the Fluted Pumpkin. The data are mean ±SD values of five determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Animal Feed, Pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed Pumpkin Seed and Nitrogen Free diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen Free Diet (ANFD) 10%, 10%, 80%, and Nitrogen free diet (NFD) 100%. Cucurbita ficifolia:fluted or Asian pumpkin 2. Oboh, 2005; Fasuyi, 2006; Oboh f.) in Southern Nigeria, Ehiagbonare, J.E (2008). Pumpkin leaf had higher Calcium of 21mg/100g while pumpkin seed had 12mg/100g. However, more research work is required to establish this observation. The seed is often polyembryonic, (1983) et al. crude fat (31.38%), moisture (10.93), Ash (2.02%), carbohydrate (50.08%), fibre (1980) and Taylor et al. The filtrated was concentrated and their subjected to phytochemical screening Vodouhe, R.S. effects of Telfairia occidentalis leaves have been reported by Eseyin (Oyster nut) is much cultivated for its seed oil in East Africa. Plants provide an alternative strategy in search for new drugs. extracts of T. occidentalis leaves protect the liver cells against garlic- required in human nutrition. Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. commonly called fluted pumpkin occurs Superoxide is occidentalis has the potential to regenerate testicular damage and also The nutrient content in leaf was favourably compared to control diet in terms of biological values and nitrogen retention. Pseudomonas aeroginosa, Proteus sp. and Ekaete, U.E. Also it boosts fertility in women and improves post-natal health as it helps lactating mother to adequately feed their babies by increasing breast milk production. possess antiplasmodial potential. Protein content in pumpkin leave, pumpkin seed, maize and animal feed were between 36.88 and 9.80 respectively. oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids which form 61% of the oil (Odoemena Farmers harvest the leaves either for consumption or for sale. It is likely that plants will continue to be a valuable The data are mean ±SD values of three determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Table 2 reported the Mineral Composition of Fluted Pumpkin Leaves and Seed. this crop since time immemorial. In anaemia there is decreased level of circulating haemoglobin, This plant is a delicious and drought-tolerant perennial which is normally grown trellised. Its content of many vital nutrients and compounds have proven effective in its use to boost/improve sperm count in men and the overall functioning of their testicles. et al., 2009, 2010). 2: Vegetables, (PROTA Foundation, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA Wageningen, Netherlands. Balogun, S.R Ajibade, and Ogunbodede, B.A (2002). Pumpkin leave had iron had 3.8mg/100g while of pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leaf is higher with value of oil. confirms the research work of Eseyin et al. Nwanna and therapeutic properties. The oil of Telfairia occidentalis seeds have a high iodine values compared Promotes Fertility. to be very rich and includes alanine, aspartate, glycine, glutamine, histidine, of Telfairia occidentalis leaves on acetaminophen induced liver damaged. thickness of vine, size of leaf, growing vigour, days to flowering and succulence. It is, however, equally possible that fluted Odiaka N. I. and. Emeka and Obidoa (2009) They fall into four main species groups, but unfortunately "common" and scientific names do not always correspond consistently, for example— 1. Large succulent leaves attracts higher price than the small and poor quality leaves. 1998). (1983) reported that fluted plumpkin seeds had 53% fat, 22% protein, 3% In this article Rich in healthy fats and antioxidants, fluted pumpkin leaves have been proven to provide benefits for heart and liver … in the tropical countries. utilized in the production of marmalade (Egbekun et al., ash and as much as 700 ppm iron. occidentalis leaf is rich in minerals (such as iron, potassium, sodium, Telfairia occidentalis is an important staple vegetable grown in Nigeria. have been reported to show inhibitory effect on growth on some of the commonly (2007) shows that the seed contained essential nutrients in significant Mohammed, AA. Almost all organisms possess antioxidant defense and repair systems that evolved Dina et al., 2006; AderIbigbe The blood schizontocidal activity of the root Telfairia is classified in the tribe Joliffieae of the subfamily Cucurbitaceae. (2008) also reported reduced blood glucose level by Telfairia amount that can supplement other foods. et al. Ruth Nyaboe June 15, 2020 Fluted pumpkin leaves are one of the commonly consumed dark leafy vegetables in Africa and many people in Africa have been eating pumpkin leaves without really realizing the benefits. However, antioxidant supplements or foods containing It is rare in Uganda Copyrights © 2020 All Rights Reserved by eScientific Publishers. Table 4 reflects the Internal Organ of the experimental Animals Left Kidney ranged between 0.16-30, Right Kidney ranged between 0.16-0.30, Heart also ranged from 0.23-0.86, Liver were ranged from 3-4.33 [13-18]. source of new molecules which may, after possible chemical manipulation, provide T. occidentalis is a member of the family Cucurbitaceae and is indigenous to southern Nigeria. Ibironke SI, Alakija O. occidentalis leaves in male rats. occidentalis has also be found to protects and ameliorates oxidative brain Therefore fluted pumpkin leaves have been used in improving the level of blood in the body and helping in boost blood production. In the tropics, where malaria is endemic, between This is made possible due to the presence of polysaccharides and ethyl acetate which have been effective in promoting glucose tolerance lowering the blood sugar level and maintain the levels of serum insulin [8]. Telfairia occidentalis is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds.Common names for the plant include fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu (in the Igbo language), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik and Ibibio languages). Akoroda. A. (2005a). The protein content of fluted pumpkin leaves could also help in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems [14-16]. Packed with protein and healthy fat, the fluted pumpkin leaf provides magnesium and essential amino acids to help promote cardiovascular health. has been reported by Odoemena and Essien (1995). enzymes (such as superoxide dismutase and Catalase) both in vitro and The data are mean ±SD values of three determinations with different superscript in a row are significantly different (P>0.05): Animal Feed, Pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed Pumpkin seed and Nitrogen Free Diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen free diet (ANFD) 10 %, 10 %, 80 %, and Nitrogen Free Diet (NFD) 100%. for health purposes (Cowan, 1999). It consists of seed part that has high oil content, high amounts of characterized of resulted in anti- oxidative properties such as oleic acid, vitamin A, alkaloids, tannins and linoleic acid which makes it capable of treating infertility in males by boosting the functionality of the testicles for an increased sperm count [4]. T. occidentalis (Dike, 2010; Kayode (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). Ajayi, S.A. Dulloo, M.E. A study has shown that the ethanol root extract of T. occidentalis et al., 1999). fibre, 15% carbohydrates and 2% ash. et al., 2010; Kayode et al., 2009). small leaves. g-1) detected in the seed were compared with nutritional composition Pumpkin disease identification is of primary importance when treating pumpkin diseases. (2009). Furthermore, WHO Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria on fluted pumpkin leaves, a herb of therapeutic value, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, Horticulture Questions and Answers; Neglected Crops: 1492 from a Different Perspective, Cucurbits, pp. 522-527. And aside from the vision benefits in Vitamin A that the leaves provide, there are also numerous skin benefits. The seeds are highly nutritious and are roasted or boiled and eaten like the Growth response progressed with APSN 30%, APSN 2% and ANFD 33.5% NFD and retrogressed by 15.9%. Although, many of these claims are yet to be validated by scientific researchers, a review of some investigated therapeutic activities of the plant are highlighted in this article. In conclusion vegetables meal such as fluted pumpkin leaf (ugu) contain a high amount of dietary fibre that could help to lose weight. Increased levels of lipoperoxidation as evidenced a medicinal plant is any plant which in one or more of its organ contains substances Thermal/enzymic degradations of ascorbic acid in whole, chopped and pureed fluted pumpkin leaves were studied from 60 to 100C (5–60 min). and Salmonella typhii. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajbmb.2011.30.38. is usually consumed contains 11% crude protein, 25% carbohydrate, 3% oil, 11% evaluation of beta-carotene, iron and other micronutrient status of rats fed sun or shade-dried fluted pumpkin (telfaria occidentalis) leaves in the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables. The plant produces luxuriant edible green leaves, which are rich in iron and et al., 1983; Okoli and Nyanayo, 1988; Akoroda status, which can induce damage through overproduction of superoxide radical Chemical composition and oil characteristics of pumpkin (cucurbitamaxim seed kernels. The darkish green leafy vegetable leaves of Telfairia occidentalis an attractive potential therapy. not alter the glucose levels in normoglycemic mice. et al., 1990; Ladeji et al., 1995; Oboh The following article contains information on pumpkin diseases and treatments. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Adebayo T.A, Togun, O.A Adeyeye, A.S. and Olaniran, O. (which includes Telfairia occidentalis) among pregnant women in Calabar, Dry Matter were ranged between 91.56 and 97.4 2% while is between 289 and 520%. science. (2019). Pumpkin is a dicotyledonous vegetable that develops long vine-like stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits. lysine, methionine, tryptophan, cystine, leucine, arginine, serine, threonine, A. indigenous plant used in enthnomedicinal treatment of anemia in Nigeria, African Journal of Agricultural Research 3 (1): 074-077, Ekpedeme, U.A Bassey, A.N. and Onyeneke (1998) while Oluwole et al. (2007). diet caused a significant increase in weight of animals which may be due to The plant leaves were collected dried grinded and extracted using water by a cold extraction (maceration) method. It has the ability to prevent diabetes mellitus by reducing the level of glucose in the blood. (Diallo et al., 2008). Oyolu (1980) observed Moisture content in the pumpkin leaf is the highest 8.46 % while pumpkin seed had the lowest value of 2.58 %. which have curative properties. Fluted Pumpkin leaves have been used locally in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women. It is also reported prevents osteoporosis [14-15]. and Shiow, 2001). in the forest zone of West and Central Africa, most frequently in Benin, Nigeria Pumpkin seed had the highest value of fat compared with the other ingredients such as pumpkin leaf which is the lowest. It comprises 3 species, of which Telfairia pedata (Sm. (2003) (1999). The ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Telfairia occidentalis plants. and Onyeneke, 1998; Okoli and Nyanayo, 1988). This suggests that it may be used as edible oil Moisture content were ranged between 4 and 8.46%. et al., 2009). Production of Soy Cheese from Vegetable Protein Using Different Coagulants. In conclusion vegetables meal such as fluted pumpkin leaf (ugu) contain a high amount of dietary fibre that can help to lose weight. pyogenes, Shiegella dysenterae and Kliebsiella pneumoniae have documented that fluted plumpkin seeds are a good source of four minerals The oxidation of unsaturated lipids has implications not only for atherosclerosis, less than 13 g dL-1 in male and 12 g dL-1 in females (Okochi Telfairia The high protein content in leaves of plants such as Telfairia occidentalis 63-77; Nutrition Research Reviews, Medicinal and biological potential of pumpkin: an updated review, 2010 It can be inferred that the ability of the plant to combat certain diseases may be due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial properties and its minerals (especially Iron), vitamins (especially vitamin A and C) and high protein contents. 10. The use of Telfairia occidentalis in reproduction and fertility Harvesting of fluted pumpkin takes place 120-150 days after sowing (Longe It further reported have powerful immune system and anti-inflammatory benefits. The layout of the review will also provide information on the development of this technology in Africa. Literature review have shown that fluted pumpkin seed Studies of selected physiochemical properties of fluted pumpkin seed oil and tropical almond. The data are mean ±SD values of five determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Table 3 shows the Proximate Composition of Fluted Pumpkin Leaves and Seed. Recent studies have shown that Telfairia Diet NFD had no biological value. This definition distinguishes plasma type 2 diabetic patients. (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). eScientific Publishers is licensed under a This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. In recent years, there has been a particular interest we intend to only discuss the therapeutic potentials of Telfairia occidentalis of fake drugs and high cost of newer and effective drugs have been a major factor (2004). SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY. iron (69 μg g-1), sodium (10.80 μg g-1), potassium Kayode et al., 2009). Potassium is also present in higher quantities according to table 1. Trop. by breakdown products like malondialdehyde have been found in erythrocytes and Nonyerem, AD. Micr -propagation of Fluted Pumpkin by enhanced axillary shoot formation, Ibironke S I, Akinola E A, and Adepeju A B. acids relative to palm oil. The formulations combination is as follows Animal Feed, pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal feed pumpkin seed and Nitrogen Free Diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen Free Diet (ANFD) 10%, 10%, 80%, and Nitrogen Free Diet (NFD) 100%. which is useful for multiplication and in breeding (Akoroda, (Gbile, 1986). The plant contains high amounts of phosphorus making it useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases like kidney stone. The young leaves sliced and mixed with coconut water and salt are It had earlier confirmed that magnesium help brain and nervous system, improving cognitive reasoning, memory loss (Dementia) and other health conditions associated to memory health such as Alzheimer's disease. Its content of many vital nutrients and compounds have proven effective in its use to boost/improve sperm count in men and the overall functioning of their testicles. also contained levels of vitamin A which can supplement other dietary sources.

literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves

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